Calcium Oxalate Urinary Stones
Urinary stones composed of calcium oxalate (CaOx) are common in dogs. Certain canine breeds have a strikingly high prevalence of disease, while others appear protected. For example, the Miniature Schnauzer and Bichon Frise have greater than 20 times the risk of developing CaOx stones compared to mixed breed dogs. Other commonly affected breeds include the Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Pomeranian, poodle (miniature and toy), Dachshund, and terrier (e.g. Yorkshire, Cairn, Jack Russell). These breed predispositions strongly support underlying genetic risk factors for the disease. Our project currently involves the collection of DNA samples from dogs with a history of CaOx stones (cases) and dogs that have never formed this stone type (controls). We aim to compare the DNA of these two groups to identify genetic determinants of the disease. An understanding of the pathophysiology of CaOx stones is fundamental to the development therapeutic and preventative strategies in canine breeds.
Participation and Compensation
Cases: Any breed of dog with CaOx stones at any point in their life is eligible to participate. We would love a small DNA sample that can be collected either at home with cheek swabs or by a veterinarian as a blood sample. It can be sent in from anywhere in the country or even outside of the United States. If you are interested in participating, we can send you cheek swab kits at no cost. Please contact Dr. Furrow (see information below) or e-mail us at email@example.com.
Controls: For Miniature Schnauzers, Bichons Frise, and Dachshunds that have not had CaOx stones AND are at least 9 years of age, we would love to see them here at the University of Minnesota's Veterinary Medical Center for a single brief research visit. To be eligible, controls also cannot be receiving steroid or diuretic medications and cannot have hypothyroidism or Cushing's disease (also known as hyperadrenocorticism). You will receive a check for $50 per control dog for participating in this study. The appointment will involve free bloodwork (mini panel that includes kidney values, blood sugar, and electrolytes), abdominal x-rays, and urine tests. Please note that the urine sample will need to be fasted; we often ask that you withhold food (but not water) on the morning of the appointment.
About the investigator
Dr. Furrow is a Small Animal Internist and Assistant Professor at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine. She first became interested in the genetic basis of canine diseases when she was an undergraduate at Harvard University. She was offered a summer position in the Section of Medical Genetics at the University of Pennsylvania. One of her roles that summer included assistance in a study on the genetic muscular disease myotonia congenita in Miniature Schnauzers. Dr. Furrow later attended the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School where a NIH-Merck grant enabled her to continue research on genetic diseases. Dr. Furrow completed her Internal Medicine residency and PhD at the University of Minnesota and is currently a member of the Canine and Equine Genetics Laboratory. Dr. Furrow's ultimate goal is to find better ways to prevent and treat genetic diseases. She also has a personal attachment to one of the high-risk breeds, as her parents-in-law have always had Miniature Schnauzers.
If you have further questions about this study, please contact Dr. Eva Furrow: 612-625-7493 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Canine Genetic Testing
Canine Genetic Research
- Addison's Disease - Autoantibody Study
- Addison's Disease - Genetic Study
- Alopecia in American Water Spaniels
- Atypical Seizures / Paroxysmal Dyskinesia
- Border Collie Collapse
- Calcium Oxalate Urinary Stones
- Idiopathic Epilepsy
- Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia (IMHA)
- Leonberger Polyneuropathy & Leukoencephalomyelopathy
- Pulmonary Fibrosis
- Whippet Exercise Induced Hyperthermia